Justin Schwartz

Dean, Pennsylvania State University

Kobe Steel Distinguished Professor
  • 919-515-0493
  • Engineering Building I (EB1) NA

Justin Schwartz joined NCSU Department of Materials Science and Engineering as Department Head and Kobe Steel Distinguished Professor in 2009. Prior to joining NCSU, he was the Jack E. Crow Professor of Engineering at the Florida State University. His group’s primary research interests are in the underlying science that drives performance of advanced oxide materials, including mechanical and functional failure, manufacturing, processing, packaging and system integration. He is now Dean of Engineering at Pennsylvania State University.

Education

Ph.D. 1990

Nuclear Engineering

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

B.S. 1985

Nuclear Engineering

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Research Description

Dr. Schwartz's research interests include processing-structure-property relationships and failure mechanisms in superconducting materials and systems, multiferroic/optical-magneto-electric thin films and devices, topological insulators, and other functional oxides. He focuses on the scientific challenges in transitioning a new material into a technologically functional material.

Publications

Modeling of Quench Behavior of YBa2Cu3O7-delta Pancake Magnets and Distributed-Temperature-Sensing-Based Quench Detection for Operating Temperature 30-77 K
Zhou, J., Chan, W. K., & Schwartz, J. (2019), IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, 29(1). https://doi.org/10.1109/TASC.2018.2874423
Mixed-dimensional modeling of delamination in rare earth-barium-copperoxide coated conductors composed of laminated high-aspect-ratio thin films
Gao, P. F., Chan, W. K., Wang, X. Z., & Schwartz, J. (2018), Superconductor Science & Technology, 31(7).
Quench detection criteria for YBa2Cu3O7-delta coils monitored via a distributed temperature sensor for 77 K cases
Zhou, J., Chan, W. K., & Schwartz, J. (2018), IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 28(5).
Densification of thoria through flash sintering
Straka, W., Amoah, S., & Schwartz, J. (2017), MRS Communications, 7(3), 677–682.
Effects of metallic coatings on the thermal sensitivity of optical fiber sensors at cryogenic temperatures
Scurti, F., McGarrahan, J., & Schwartz, J. (2017), Optical Materials Express, 7(6), 1754–1766.
Improved stability, magnetic field preservation and recovery speed in (RE)Ba2Cu3Ox-based no-insulation magnets via a graded-resistance approach
Chan, W. K., & Schwartz, J. (2017), Superconductor Science & Technology, 30(7).
Optical fiber distributed sensing for high temperature superconductor magnets
Scurti, F., & Schwartz, J. (2017), In 2017 25th international conference on optical fiber sensors (ofs) (Vol. 10323).
Self-monitoring 'SMART' (RE) Ba2Cu3O7-x conductor via integrated optical fibers
Scurti, F., Sathyamurthy, S., Rupich, M., & Schwartz, J. (2017). Self-monitoring ’SMART’ (RE) Ba2Cu3O7-x conductor via integrated optical fibers. Superconductor Science & Technology, 30(11),
Self-organizing maps for pattern recognition in design of alloys
Jha, R., Dulikravich, G. S., Chakraborti, N., Fan, M., Schwartz, J., Koch, C. C., … Egorov, I. N. (2017), Materials and Manufacturing Processes, 32(10), 1067–1074.
Strain control of composite superconductors to prevent degradation of superconducting magnets due to a quench: I. Ag/Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox multifilament round wires
Ye, L. Y., Li, P., Jaroszynski, J., Schwartz, J., & Shen, T. M. (2017), Superconductor Science & Technology, 30(2).
Tensile fatigue behavior and crack growth in GdBa2Cu3O7-(x)/stainless-steel coated conductor grown via reactive co-evaporation
Rogers, S., & Schwartz, J. (2017), Superconductor Science & Technology, 30(4).
A Noncontact T-c evaluation technique using a Hall probe array
Song, K. J., Lim, J. C., Ko, R. K., Park, C., & Schwartz, J. (2017), IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 27(4).
Algorithms for design optimization of chemistry of hard magnetic alloys using experimental data
Jha, R., Dulikravich, G. S., Chakraborti, N., Fan, M., Schwartz, J., Koch, C. C., … Egorov, I. N. (2016), Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 682, 454–467.
Altered transport and metabolism of phenolic compounds in obesity and diabetes: implications for functional food development and assessment
Redan, B. W., Buhman, K. K., Novotny, J. A., & Ferruzzi, M. G. (2016), Advances in Nutrition, 7(6), 1090–1104.
Effects of room-temperature tensile fatigue on critical current and n-value of IBAD-MOCVD YBa2Cu3O7-x/Hastelloy coated conductor
Rogers, S., Chan, W. K., & Schwartz, J. (2016), Superconductor Science & Technology, 29(8).
Formation of Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox/Ag multifilamentary metallic precursor powder-in-tube wires
Zhang, Y., Koch, C. C., & Schwartz, J. (2016), Superconductor Science & Technology, 29(12).
High critical current density Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox/Ag wire containing oxide precursor synthesized from nano-oxides
Zhang, Y., Johnson, S., Naderi, G., Chaubal, M., Hunt, A., & Schwartz, J. (2016), Superconductor Science & Technology, 29(9).
On the evolution of Cu-Ni-rich bridges of Alnico alloys with tempering
Fan, M., Liu, Y., Jha, R., Dulikravich, G. S., Schwartz, J., & Koch, C. C. (2016), Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 420, 296–302.
On the formation and evolution of Cu-Ni-rich bridges of alnico alloys with thermomagnetic treatment
Fan, M., Liu, Y., Jha, R., Dulikravich, G. S., Schwartz, J., & Koch, C. C. (2016), IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 52(8).
Quench degradation limit of multifilamentary Ag/Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox round wires
Ye, L. Y., Li, P., Shen, T. M., & Schwartz, J. (2016), Superconductor Science & Technology, 29(3).
Quench detection for high temperature superconductor magnets: A novel technique based on Rayleigh-backscattering interrogated optical fibers
Scurti, F., Ishmael, S., Flanagan, G., & Schwartz, J. (2016), Superconductor Science & Technology, 29(3).
Self-protection mechanisms in no-insulation (RE) Ba2Cu3Ox high temperature superconductor pancake coils
Wang, Y., Chan, W. K., & Schwartz, J. (2016), Superconductor Science & Technology, 29(4).
Underlying causes of the magnetic behavior in surface patterned NiFe2O4 thin films
Rasic, G., Vlahovic, B., & Schwartz, J. (2016), MRS Communications, 6(4), 397–401.
Viewpoint: Are no-insulation magnets a paradigm shift for high-field DC superconducting magnets?
Schwartz, J. (2016), Superconductor Science & Technology, 29(5).
Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x round wires with Ag/Al oxide dispersion strengthened sheaths: microstructure-properties relationships, enhanced mechanical behavior and reduced Cu depletion (vol 27, 095001, 2014)
Kajbafvala, A., Nachtrab, W., Wong, T., & Schwartz, J. (2015),
Current density and quench behavior of MgB2/Ga composite wires
Ishmael, S. A., Rogers, S., Hunte, F., Naderi, G., Roach, C., Straka, W., & Schwartz, J. (2015), IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 25(6).
Enhanced quench protection in REBa2Cu3O delta-7-based coils by enhancing three-dimensional quench propagation via thermally conducting electrical insulation
Phillips, M. R., Chan, W. K., & Schwartz, J. (2015), IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 25(5).
Magnetic field dependent stability and quench behavior and degradation limits in conduction-cooled MgB2 wires and coils
Ye, L. Y., Cruciani, D., Xu, M. F., Mine, S., Amm, K., & Schwartz, J. (2015), Superconductor Science & Technology, 28(3).
Microstructure and transport properties of epitaxial topological insulator Bi2Se3 thin films grown on MgO (100), Cr2O3 (0001), and Al2O3 (0001) templates
Lee, Y. F., Kumar, R., Hunte, F., Narayan, J., & Schwartz, J. (2015), Journal of Applied Physics, 118(12).
On the origin of coercivity reduction in surface patterned magnetic thin films
Rasic, G., & Schwartz, J. (2015), Physica Status Solidi. A, Applications and Materials Science, 212(2), 449–458.
A Three-dimensional fractal-based study of the effects of the complex interface between Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox filaments and the Ag matrix on the mechanical behavior of composite round wires
Sun, Z. H., Gou, X. F., & Schwartz, J. (2015), IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 25(5).
Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x round wires with Ag/Al oxide dispersion strengthened sheaths: Microstructure-properties relationships, enhanced mechanical behavior and reduced Cu depletion
Kajbafvala, A., Nachtrab, W., Wong, T., & Schwartz, J. (2014), Superconductor Science & Technology, 27(9).
Coercivity reduction in nickel ferrite (NiFe2O4) thin films through surface patterning
Rasic, G., & Schwartz, J. (2014), IEEE Magnetics Letters, 5.
Evidence for topological surface states in epitaxial Bi2Se3 thin film grown by pulsed laser deposition through magneto-transport measurements
Lee, Y. F., Punugupati, S., Wu, F., Jin, Z., Narayan, J., & Schwartz, J. (2014), Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science, 18(5), 279–285.
Magnetostriction measurement in thin films using laser Doppler vibrometry
Varghese, R., Viswan, R., Joshi, K., Seifikar, S., Zhou, Y., Schwartz, J., & Priya, S. (2014), Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 363, 179–187.
Multiscale studies of processing-microstructure-transport relationships in over- pressure processed Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox/Ag multifilamentary round wire
Naderi, G., & Schwartz, J. (2014), Superconductor Science & Technology, 27(11).
On the roles of Bi2Sr2CuOx intergrowths in Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox/Ag round wires: c-axis transport and magnetic flux pinning
Naderi, G., & Schwartz, J. (2014), Applied Physics Letters, 104(15).
Oxygen vacancy enhanced room-temperature ferromagnetism in Sr3SnO/c-YSZ/Si (001) heterostructures
Lee, Y. F., Wu, F., Narayan, J., & Schwartz, J. (2014), MRS Communications, 4(1), 7–13.
Statistical analysis of the relationship between electrical transport and filament microstructure in multifilamentary Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox/Ag/Ag-Mg round wires
Callaway, E. B., Naderi, G., Van Le, Q., & Schwartz, J. (2014), Superconductor Science & Technology, 27(4).
Structural and magnetic properties of sol-gel derived NiFe2O4 thin films on silicon substrates
Seifikar, S., Rawdanowicz, T., Straka, W., Quintero, C., Bassiri-Gharb, N., & Schwartz, J. (2014), Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 361, 255–261.
Synthesis of Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox superconductors via direct oxidation of metallic precursors
Zhang, Y., Koch, C. C., & Schwartz, J. (2014), Superconductor Science & Technology, 27(5).
Thermal conductivity and dielectric properties of a TiO2-based electrical insulator for use with high temperature superconductor-based magnets
Ishmael, S. A., Slomski, M., Luo, H., White, M., Hunt, A., Mandzy, N., … Schwartz, J. (2014), Superconductor Science & Technology, 27(9).
Tunable electronic structure in dilute magnetic semiconductor Sr3SnO/c-YSZ/Si (001) epitaxial heterostructures
Lee, Y. F., Narayan, J., & Schwartz, J. (2014), Journal of Applied Physics, 116(16).
Two-dimensional peridynamic simulation of the effect of defects on the mechanical behavior of Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox round wires
Le, Q. V., Chan, W. K., & Schwartz, J. (2014), Superconductor Science & Technology, 27(11).
A two-dimensional ordinary, state-based peridynamic model for linearly elastic solids
Le, Q. V., Chan, W. K., & Schwartz, J. (2014), International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 98(8), 547–561.
Effects of high magnetic field on the quench behavior of Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox coils at 4.2 K
Ye, L. Y., Hunte, F., & Schwartz, J. (2013), Superconductor Science & Technology, 26(5).
Enhanced quench propagation in Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox and YBa2Cu3O7-x coils via a nanoscale doped-titania-based thermally conducting electrical insulator
Ishmael, S., Luo, H. J., White, M., Hunte, F., Liu, X. T., Mandzy, N., … Schwartz, J. (2013), IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 23(5).
Epitaxial integration of dilute magnetic semiconductor Sr3SnO with Si (001)
Lee, Y. F., Wu, F., Kumar, R., Hunte, F., Schwartz, J., & Narayan, J. (2013), Applied Physics Letters, 103(11).
Fractal analysis of the role of the rough interface between Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox filaments and the Ag matrix in the mechanical behavior of composite round wires
Gou, X. F., & Schwartz, J. (2013), Superconductor Science & Technology, 26(5).
Frontiers in thin film epitaxy and nanostructured materials introduction
Narayan, J., Schwartz, J., Goyal, A., Wang, H. Y., Jin, S. H., & Liao, X. Z. (2013), Journal of Materials Research, 28(13), 1625–1625.
High strength oxide dispersion strengthened silver aluminum alloys optimized for Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x round wire
Kajbafvala, A., Nachtrab, W., Kumar, R., Hunte, F., Wong, T., & Schwartz, J. (2013), Superconductor Science & Technology, 26(12).
Nanoimprint lithographic surface patterning of sol-gel fabricated nickel ferrite (NiFe2O4)
Rasic, G., & Schwartz, J. (2013), MRS Communications, 3(4), 207–211.
On the causes of degradation in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x round wires and coils by quenching at 4.2 K
Ye, L. Y., Cruciani, D., Effio, T., Hunte, F., & Schwartz, J. (2013), IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 23(5).
Optimized Growth of Heteroepitaxial (111) NiFe2O4 Thin Films on (0001) Sapphire with Two In-Plane Variants via Chemical Solution Deposition
Seifikar, S., Calandro, B., Rasic, G., Deeb, E., Yang, J. J., Bassiri-Gharb, N., & Schwartz, J. (2013), Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 96(10), 3050–3053.
Spatial and temporal resolution requirements for quench detection in (RE)Ba2Cu3Ox magnets using Rayleigh-scattering-based fiber optic distributed sensing
Chan, W. K., Flanagan, G., & Schwartz, J. (2013), Superconductor Science & Technology, 26(10).
Understanding processing-microstructure-properties relationships in Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox/Ag round wires and enhanced transport through saw-tooth processing
Naderi, G., Liu, X. T., Nachtrab, W., & Schwartz, J. (2013), Superconductor Science & Technology, 26(10).
Dispersion-strengthened silver alumina for sheathing Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x multifilamentary wire
Kajbafvala, A., Nachtrab, W., Lu, X. F., Hunte, F., Liu, X. T., Cheggour, N., … Schwartz, J. (2012), IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 22(1).
Dopant-controlled crystallization in metal-organic frameworks: The role of copper(II) in zinc 1,4-benzenedicarboxylate
Carson, C. G., Ward, J., Liu, X. T., Schwartz, J., Gerhardt, R. A., & Tannenbaum, R. (2012), Journal of Physical Chemistry. C, 116(29), 15322–15328.
Growth of (111) oriented NiFe2O4 polycrystalline thin films on Pt(111) via sol-gel processing
Seifikar, S., Tabei, A., Sachet, E., Rawdanowicz, T., Bassiri-Gharb, N., & Schwartz, J. (2012), Journal of Applied Physics, 112(6).
Influencing factors on the electrical transport properties of split-melt processed Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox round wires
Liu, X. T., Le, Q. V., & Schwartz, J. (2012), Superconductor Science & Technology, 25(7).
On the role of pre-existing defects and magnetic flux avalanches in the degradation of YBa2Cu3O7-x coated conductors by quenching
Song, H. H., Hunte, F., & Schwartz, J. (2012), Acta Materialia, 60(20), 6991–7000.
Structural and magnetic properties of biaxially textured NiFe2O4 thin films grown on c-plane sapphire
Seifikar, S., Calandro, B., Deeb, E., Sachet, E., Yang, J. J., Maria, J. P., … Schwartz, J. (2012), Journal of Applied Physics, 112(12).
Critical current degradation of short YBa2Cu3O7-delta coated conductor due to an unprotected quench
Wang, X., Trociewitz, U. P., & Schwartz, J. (2011), Superconductor Science & Technology, 24(3).
Effect of solidification conditions on partial melt processed Bi2212/Ag round wire
Nachtrab, W. T., Liu, X. T., Wong, T., & Schwartz, J. (2011), IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 21(3), 2795–2799.
Electrical and magnetic properties of Ga(1-x)Gd(x)N grown by metal organic chemical vapor deposition
Gupta, S., Zaidi, T., Melton, A., Malguth, E., Yu, H. B., Liu, Z. Q., … Ferguson, I. T. (2011), Journal of Applied Physics, 110(8).
Numerical investigation of the quench behavior of Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox wire
Arbelaez, D., Prestemon, S. O., Dietderich, D. R., Godeke, A., Ye, L., Hunte, F., & Schwartz, J. (2011), IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 21(3), 2787–2790.
Three-dimensional micrometer-scale modeling of quenching in high aspect ratio YBa2Cu3O7- coated conductor tapes. Part II: Influence of geometrical and material properties and implications for conductor engineering and magnet design
Chan, W. K., & Schwartz, J. (2011), IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 21(6), 3628–3634.
A predictive model of the temperature dependence of AC transport losses in (Bi, Pb)(2)Sr(2)Ca(2)Cu(3)O(x) tapes
Zhang, G. M., Lin, L. Z., Xiao, L. Y., Yu, Y. J., Schwartz, J., & Pamidi, S. V. (2011), Superconductor Science & Technology, 24(8).
Quench behavior of Bi2Sr2Ca2Cu2Ox/Ag tape with AC and DC transport currents and a comparison with YBa2Cu3Ox conductors
Zhang, G. M., Lin, L. Z., Xiao, L. Y., Yu, Y. J., Pamidi, S. V., & Schwartz, J. (2010), (Vol. 20, pp. 2146–2149).
Quench behavior of conduction-cooled YBa2Cu3O7-delta coated conductor pancake coils stabilized with brass or copper
Song, H. H., Gagnon, K., & Schwartz, J. (2010), Superconductor Science & Technology, 23(6).
Three-dimensional micrometer-scale modeling of quenching in high-aspect-ratioYBa(2)Cu(3)O(7-delta) coated conductor tapes-Part I: Model development and validation
Chan, W. K., Masson, P. J., Luongo, C., & Schwartz, J. (2010), IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 20(6), 2370–2380.
Weibull analysis of the electromechanical behavior of AgMg sheathed Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x round wires and YBa2Cu3O7-delta coated conductors
Mbaruku, A. L., Le, Q. V., Song, H., & Schwartz, J. (2010), Superconductor Science & Technology, 23(11).

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Grants

Optical fiber integration into Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox/Ag/AgX and (RE)Ba2Cu3Ox superconducting coils
US Dept. of Energy (DOE)(6/13/16 - 3/12/17)
Controlling microstructures and interfaces in co-fired dissimilar oxide thin films via electric field processing
National Science Foundation (NSF)(8/15/16 - 7/31/19)
Production of Nanostructured Core/Shell Powders for Exchange- Spring Magnet Applications
US Dept. of Energy (DOE) - Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)(6/01/15 - 2/29/16)
YBCO Coated Conductor with an Integrated Optical Fiber Sensor
US Dept. of Energy (DOE)(6/08/15 - 3/31/16)
X-ray Diffraction Study of Bi2212 Superconducting Powders
Solid Material Solutions, LLC (SMS)(10/22/14 - 4/21/15)
Optical Fiber Quench Detection Studies for US4 Superconducting Magnets
US Navy - Naval Surface Warfare Center(7/17/15 - 9/30/16)
Collaborative Study of Bi2212 Wires
US Dept. of Energy (DOE)(9/08/14 - 12/31/16)
Stability, Quench Propagation and Conductor Degradation of Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox Round Wires for High Field Magnet Application
US Dept. of Energy (DOE)(1/06/14 - 12/18/15)
Direct and Inverse Design Optimization Of Magnetic Alloys with Minimized Use of Rare Earth Elements
US Air Force - Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)(11/30/-1 - 10/31/15)
Electrical Energy Storage System by SMES Method for Ultra-High Power and Energy Density - Phase II
US Air Force - Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)(12/05/13 - 12/04/16)