Dr. Jay Narayan, Distinguished University Professor

Jagdish (Jay) Narayan

North Carolina State University; Distinguished University Professor and Director of NSF Center for Advanced Materials and Smart Structures
Department of Materials Science and Engineering.
Raleigh, NC 27695-7916
(919) 515-7874

Education

Ph.D. (1971) and M.S. (1970) University of California, Berkeley; B. Tech. (1969 Univ. First Medalist, Highest Hons. & Dist.) I.I.T., Kanpur, India; all in Materials Science and Eng.

Record of Professional Work Experience

1990- NCSU Distinguished University Professor ( Materials Science and Engineering, Electrical and Computer Engineering and Physics) and Director of Center for Advanced Materials and Smart Structures
1990-92 National Science Foundation, Division of Materials Research, Director*
1984- North Carolina State University, Professor
1984-86 Microelectronics Center of North Carolina, Director
1972-84 Oak Ridge National Lab., Senior Scientist and Leader of Thin Film and Electron Microscopy Group
1971-72 Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., Research Metallurgist
*The DMR is the largest division of the NSF with over twenty Research Program Directorates and over $200M annual budget.

Specific Outstanding Technical and Professional Engineering Accomplishments and Contributions

Starting with his doctoral thesis, Narayan provided first direct evidence for the presence of vacancies and interstitials in ionic solids, and established, via rigorous in-situ diffusion experiments, the activation energy for pipe diffusion along the dislocations and grain boundaries to be half that in the bulk. This research, recognized by numerous Awards, has proved to be pivotal to our understanding of basic phenomena in metals, ceramics and electronic materials processing. Narayan is internationally known for his seminal contributions in laser processing of materials including laser annealing and pulsed laser deposition, atomic-scale characterization, and atomistic modeling of dislocations and interfaces. He invented novel supersaturated semiconductor alloys formed by solid phase epitaxy, and by liquid phase crystallization where melt-quenching rates are billions of degrees per second. This research, featured twice in Science Magazine (5/4/1979 & 4/19/1991 issues), resulted in four U.S. patents and two IR-100 Awards. Narayan discovered and patented new nanocrystalline metal-ceramic composites, invented 1-2-4 (YBa2Cu4O8) superconductor with Tc~80-100 K, co-originated laser ablation for thin film deposition, and patented a novel method for synthesizing thin films. He established atomic structure and properties of dislocations and grain boundaries in semiconductors and high -Tc superconductors. He discovered the orientation dependence of core energy of dislocations, critical to obtaining dislocation-free silicon wafers for devices. He has pioneered and patented a new concept of domain epitaxy where an integral number of lattice constants of the film match that of the substrate in large lattice mismatched systems. The domain epitaxy is key to the formation of 3-dimensional thin film heterostructures, such as TiN films on silicon with 4/3 matching, and III-nitrides & ZnO films on sapphire with 6/7 matching. More recently, he has discovered novel nanostructured III-nitride LEDs (Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 841, 2002 US Patent Pending) and novel Au/Ni/Au Ohmic Contacts to p-GaN. In the Spring 2004 MRS meeting, he presented an invited talk on his discovery of Domain Matching Epitaxy (DME) as a new paradigm for epitaxial growth and integration of oxides having a large lattice misfit with the substrates. The title of his 2004 Edward DeMille Campbell is New Frontiers in Thin Film Epitaxy and Nanostructured Materials, to be delivered during the ASM-International Meeting in Columbus, Ohio  (October 17-21, 2004). For recent discoveries in nanoscience and nanotechnology (Methods of forming three-dimensional nanodot arrays in a matrix), check on NCSU, NSF , Science News (Week of Sept. 11, 2004; Vol. 166, No. 11 , p. 165) EE Times  and U.S Patent Office websites for details.

 Impact of Work

Profound impact on understanding of defects and interfaces, laser processing, semiconductor doping and novel materials processing which led to three IR-100 Awards for new materials and technologies. Narayan also holds five patents on defect reduction in thin film heterostructures and processing of semiconductor devices with Kopin Corp, pivotal to their highly successful CYBER display and device business.*

*Kopin Corp. has recently licensed the domain epitaxy and cubic ZnO alloys patents to manufacture III-nitride and II-oxide based light emitting diodes and lasers covering the entire range of the visible spectrum.

Landmark Publications

Properties of Vacancies and Interstitials in MgO - Scripta Met 6, 263 (1972) and Phil Mag. 26, 1179 (1972); Laser Annealing of Ion Implanted Semiconductors - Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 139 (1978) Citation Classic, and (Invited) Science 204, 461 (1979) Citation Classic; Pulsed Laser Melting - Phil Mag 43, 1515 (1981) and Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 561 (1983); Interface Instability and Formation of Supersaturated Semiconductor Alloys - J. Appl. Phys. 52, 1289 (1981) and Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 239 (1982); Pulsed Laser Deposition and Processing of Thin Films - Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1845 (1987) and Physical Review B41, 8843 (1990) Citation Classic, and Science 252, 416 (1991) and (Invited) International Materials Reviews 42, 137 (1997); Atomic Structure of Dislocations and Grain Boundaries - Phil. Mag. A71, 537 (1995) and A72, 297 (1995) and A73, 767 (1996); Domain Epitaxy and Thin Films - Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1290 (1992) and J. Appl. Phys. 84, 2597 (1998) and J. Appl Phys. (Invited Review) 87, 965 (2000); Novel Nanocrystalline Materials - Phys. Rev. Lett. 46, 1491 (1981) through Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 43 (2000); Nanostructured LEDs, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 841(2002).

Most Recent Publications

 

Patents

Principal Technical Society Membership and Activities

Life Member and Fellow TMS and National Academy of Sciences, India - both limited to 100 members; Life Member and Fellow of APS; Fellow of ASM International; Fellow of AAAS' MRS Councillor (1984-87); MRS Fall Meeting Co-chair (1984), MRS Long-Range Planning (1987-89); Executive council-Electronic, Magnetic and Photonic Materials Division of TMS; DOE-National Labs. and NSF-major facilities reviewer; TMS Awards Chair-EMPMD; Board member Kopin (Highly Successful Advanced Materials and Display Devices Co.); Consultants at Advanced Ceramics, Lockheed Martin, Honeywell and Spire Corp.; Director - Division of Materials Research, NSF (1990-92); NSF Representative to NRC Committees; NSF Chair for the Presidential Materials (AMPP) Initiative; Member - University of Alabama Advisory Committee; Member - Visiting Committee (School of Materials Science and Engineering) Georgia Tech.; TMS Bruce Chalmers Award Committee (Chair); Army Research Office (ARO) Board Chair; ASM Nominating Committee Member; ASM Gold Metal Committee (Chair); International Materials Reviews Committee Member.

Professional Recognition

Winner of 2004 Edward Demille Campbell Lecture and Prize; 1999 ASM - International Gold Metal (Highest ASM Honor); Life Member and Fellow TMS elected 1999 (Highest TMS Honor) ; Honorary Membership MRS-India (Highest Honor) Elected in 2000; ASM Best-in-Class Award (1971); DOE (Div. Of Materials Sciences) Award for Outstanding Research (1981); IR-100 Award (1979) for Laser Diffused p-n Junctions and Devices; IR-100 Award (1981) for Novel Supersaturated Semiconductor Alloys; IR-100 Award (1982) for New Nanocrystalline Metal-Ceramic Composites; 1992 NSF Distinguished Service Award; IIT/K Distinguished Alumnus Award; NCSU - Distinguished Research Professorship (1990- ); Fellow and Life Member (APS, NAS - limited to 100 members); Fellow (ASM, AAAS); 2001ASM-International Best Paper Award; EMSA - Best Paper Award (1994); One of the most cited authors for Journal articles published 1980 through 1997 (Max-Planck Citation Index).

Research and Training of Students

Professor Narayan directs at NCSU the prestigious NSF Center for Advanced Materials and Smart Structures with a total ($1.2M annual funding to NCSU and NC A&T). The Center was funded initially in 1998 for five years with potential for renewal to a total of eleven years. In addition, he has over $8.0M funding for his cutting-edge research in advanced materials and devices since 1984. He has published over 700 papers in archival journals, edited 8 books and received 15 patents. Three of these patents led to unprecedented 3 IR-100 Awards for three new technologies. Professor Narayan has produced over 50 M.S. (15) and Ph.D. (35) students who are employed in leading companies such as IBM, INTEL, Motorola, Texas Instr., AMD; National Labs., and universities. Six of them are in tenure-track faculty positions, and one of them is a full professor at the University of Florida, Gainesville. Some of these students received NSF-NYI/PYI Awards, MRS-Best Graduate Student Metals, TMS Hardy Gold Medal, IBM Faculty Award, EMSA Best Paper Awards, etc.

Teaching Accomplishments

Since his tenure at NCSU, Professor Narayan has developed a total of seven courses :

1. MAT 702 - Defects and Mass Transport in Solids
2. MAT 760 - Materials Science and Processing of Semiconductor Devices
3. MAT 770 - Defects, Diffusion and Ion Implantation in Semiconductors
4. MAT 791 A & B - Advanced Materials and Smart Structures I & II
5. MAT 791 J & K - Advanced Materials Processing I & II

Developed seven graduate level courses, two of them are taught regularly on NTU-TV Network. These courses MAT-760 (Materials Science and Processing of Semiconductor Devices) and MAT -770 (Defects, Diffusion and ion Implantation in Semiconductors) are very popular among NCSU students and practicing engineers in microelectronics and photonics industry such as IBM, INTEL, Motorola, AMD, to update their skills and finish the M.S. degrees. The GA/Office of the President has provided a special grant as apart of the UNC E-learning Initiative to incorporate these courses into a special degree program in Photonics and Microelectronics.

Research Management

a. Group Leader at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Lockheed-Martin Research Corporation.
Dr. Narayan as a Group Leader in the solid State Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, managed Defects and Interfaces/Electron Microscopy programs which were funded by the Division of Materials Sciences, Office of Basic Energy Sciences of the U.S. Department of Energy. He supervised research activities of five full-time research staff members, managed Microscope Laboratories, raised funds, interacted with DOE managers, and set new research directions for the Group. The Group was highly productive and successful under his leadership, receiving DOE's Outstanding Sustained Research Award in 1981, and unprecedented three IR-100 Awards. These research awards are displayed at ORNL library and Oak Ridge Museum of Science.

b. Director of Microelectronics Center of North Carolina, Research Triangle Park.
Dr. Narayan was responsible for setting up Research Laboratories (cost several million dollars) and for management of research related to advanced semiconductor devices. He interacted with State and Federal funding agencies to raise funds, and recruited industrial companies to become affiliate members and support microelectronics research in North Carolina.

c. Director of Division of Materials Research, National Science Foundation.
Dr. Narayan was appointed Director of Division of Materials Research (Highest Senior Executive Service Class) in October, 1990 under the Federal IPA (Intergovernmental Personnel Act) agreement from North Carolina State University. The DMR is the largest division in the Foundation with research funding exceeding $200 M. The division funds materials research involving the disciplines of engineering, physics, and chemistry. In this capacity, he was ultimately responsible for funding decisions for the following program directorates: Materials Physics, Materials Theory, Solid State Chemistry, Metals, Ceramics, Electronic Materials, Polymers, National Instrumentation and Facilities, Materials Research Labs., Materials Research Groups, Materials Education Programs, Small Business Innovation Research, and Presidential (NSF) young Investigation Programs. Dr. Narayan chaired the Presidential Initiative on Advanced Materials and Processing Program for the Foundation, where he worked with other federal funding agencies, the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and with the Office of Management and Budget to secure enhanced research funding for the next five years in the above areas. During his tenure, he provided vision and leadership for all the NSF materials research and technology programs, for which he received NSF Distinguished Service Award.


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